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Stopping Mesalamine Therapy in Patients With Crohn’s Disease Starting Biologic Therapy Does Not Increase Risk of Adverse Outcomes

Published:August 13, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2019.08.012

      Background & Aims

      Little is known about the effects of discontinuing mesalamine therapy for patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) who initiate therapy with an anti–tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agent. We analyzed data from 2 national population cohorts to compare outcomes of patients with CD already on mesalamine therapy who started treatment with an anti-TNF agent and then either stopped or continued mesalamine.

      Methods

      The primary outcome was any adverse clinical event, defined as a composite of new corticosteroid use or CD-related hospitalization or surgery. We collected data from the Truven MarketScan (IBM, Armonk, NY) health claims database in the United States and the Danish health registers. Our analysis included patients with CD who started anti-TNF therapy after at least 90 days of oral mesalamine therapy. Patients were classified as stopping mesalamine if therapy was discontinued within 90 days of starting anti-TNF. We performed multivariable Cox regression models controlling for demographics, clinical factors, and health care utilization. Adjusted hazard ratios with 95% CIs were calculated, comparing stopping mesalamine with continuing mesalamine.

      Results

      A total of 3178 patients with CD were included in our final analysis (2960 in the United States and 218 in Denmark). Stopping mesalamine after initiating anti-TNF therapy was not associated with an increased risk of adverse clinical events in the US cohort (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.77–1.03; P = .13) or in the Danish cohort (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.68–1.87; P = .63). Similar results were obtained from sensitivity analyses of concomitant immunomodulator use and duration of mesalamine treatment before initiation of anti-TNF therapy.

      Conclusions

      In a retrospective analysis of 2 national databases, we found that stopping mesalamine therapy for patients with CD who were starting anti-TNF therapy did not increase their risk of adverse clinical events. These results should be validated in a prospective study.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations used in this paper:

      anti-TNF (anti–tumor necrosis factor), CD (Crohn’s disease), IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), ICD (International Classification of Diseases), NPR (National Patient Register)
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