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Another Reason to Avoid the Gluten-Free Fad?

Published:October 05, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2017.10.002
      The health hazards of heavy metal bioaccumulation are well known. Exposure to metals such as lead, cadmium, mercury, and arsenic continues to increase worldwide owing to the utilization of these metals in industrial and agricultural processes, and the subsequent contamination of drinking water sources.
      • Rehman K.
      • Fatima F.
      • Waheed I.
      • et al.
      Prevalence of exposure of heavy metals and their impact on health consequences.
      At toxic levels, the harmful effects are numerous, stemming predominantly from an accumulation of these metals in vital organs, with the development of increased reactive oxygen species and the subsequent generation of oxidative stress resulting in carcinogenesis, neurologic disorders, and other major organ injury. Two particularly vulnerable populations include pregnant women and children, as a result of exposure during development.
      • Rehman K.
      • Fatima F.
      • Waheed I.
      • et al.
      Prevalence of exposure of heavy metals and their impact on health consequences.
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