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Maintenance of Heartburn Relief After Step-Down From Twice-Daily Proton Pump Inhibitor to Once-Daily Dexlansoprazole Modified Release

Published:December 08, 2011DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2011.11.021

      Background & Aims

      Many patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) take a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) twice daily to control symptoms. Once-daily dexlansoprazole modified release (MR) has a dual-delayed release formulation, making it attractive for step-down management of patients whose symptoms are well controlled on twice-daily PPIs. We investigated whether step-down to once-daily dexlansoprazole controls heartburn in patients with GERD who were receiving twice-daily PPI therapy.

      Methods

      Patients 18 years and older taking a twice-daily PPI for symptom control were enrolled (n = 178) in a single-blind, multicenter study; 163 patients completed the study and 142 patients met criteria for the efficacy analysis. During the 6-week screening and treatment periods, patients recorded the presence of heartburn symptoms twice daily in electronic diaries. Patients' heartburn was considered well controlled if they had an average of 1 symptom or fewer per week during the last 4 weeks of screening and treatment. After screening, qualified patients were switched to masked dexlansoprazole MR 30 mg and placebo for 6 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was the proportion of patients whose heartburn remained well controlled after step-down. GERD-related symptoms and quality of life (QOL) also were evaluated using the Patient Assessment of Upper Gastrointestinal Disorders Symptom Severity Index (PAGI-SYM) and the PAGI-QOL questionnaires, respectively.

      Results

      After step-down to once-daily dexlansoprazole MR 30 mg, heartburn remained well controlled in 88% of patients (125 of 142). These patients were able to maintain their GERD-related symptom severity and QOL, indicated by marginal changes in the PAGI-SYM and PAGI-QOL total and subscale scores, respectively.

      Conclusions

      Most patients with GERD who take twice-daily PPI to control heartburn are able to successfully step down to once-daily dexlansoprazole 30 mg.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations used in this paper:

      AE (adverse event), BMI (body mass index), CFB (change from baseline), CI (confidence interval), FAS (full analysis set), GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), MR (modified release), OR (odds ratio), PAGI-SYM (Patient Assessment of Upper Gastrointestinal Disorders–Symptom Severity Index), PPI (proton pump inhibitor), QOL (quality of life)
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